Sea water -air interface. Camel, California.

From Israelachvili’s book “Intermolecular and Surface Forces”, 2011. Dynamic friction phase diagrams showing the variation of the friction and adhesion forces with (a) sliding velocity, and (b) temperature, which are related by the time-temperature superposition principle (Ferry, 1980). High friction forces Fk are related to large adhesion hysteresis or high effective adhesion forces.



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