Ph.D., University of Iowa, 1957

London School of Economics, Pre & Post Doctorals 1953, 1963(NSF) 

M.A., University of Iowa, 1953

B.A., University of Iowa, 1950, with Honors.


Human Capital (Education and Growth, Education Financing)

Macroeconomic Analysis (Growth, Unemployment, and Inflation)                                                                                                                                                                                         


Professor of Economics, and Professor of Education Emeritus University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1998-present

Professor of Economics, Associate Professor, and Assistant Professor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1957-1998

Professor of Education, Education Organization and Leadership, College of Education, University of Illinois,1977-1998

Professor of Medicine (Health Economics), College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign, 1979-1998.

Chair, Faculty Advisory Committee, Illinois Board of Higher Education, 1995-99.

Visiting Fellow, Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, England, 1994-5.

Visiting Scholar, Erasmus University, Rotterdam School of Economics, 1988.

Research Associate, Econometrics Institute, Stockholm, (IUI), 1980.

Academic Fellow, Unite de Research, INSEE, (Central Bureau of Economics and Statistics), Paris, 1980.

Visiting Fellow and Visiting Scholar, London School of Economics, University of London,  1973, 1980-1.

Research Scholar, The Brookings Institution, 1972.

Assistant Dean, College of Commerce and Business Administration, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 1960-62.

Instructor in Economics, University of Iowa, 1955-57.

1st Lieutenant. Infantry, 3rd Division, Taegu to Uijonbu, Korea, 1951; Purple Heart 1951; Hospital Osaka Japan, 1952; Ft. Riley, Kansas, 1952; Infantry School, Ft. Benning, Georgia, 1950; and Chemical & Radiological Warfare School, Camp Sakai, Japan, 1950.