The tax code is a powerful tool used to address a myriad of policy goals. Unfortunately, instead of narrowing income and wealth gaps, various tax provisions continue to reinforce historical gender and racial biases in the tax code. Some advocates argue that the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC) and the refundable portion of the Child Tax Credit (CTC) are exceptions to the generally inequitable tax system, as these credits provide substantial support to low- and moderate-income families. Illinois has a role to play in addressing the gender and racial inequities in the tax and revenue system. This policy report outlines reforms to the Illinois tax code that would provide tax relief to Illinois parents with young children, and young adults who are at the beginning of their career. It directs addition to how changes could impact racial tax equity in Illinois
The Illinois State Broad of Education (ISBE) mandated Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA), a performance-based assessment to evaluate teaching readiness, as a part of the licensure requirements since July 2015. The new examination imposed significant monetary ($300-$1,200 per applicant) and time investments, which had a disproportionate effect on minority prospective teacher candidates. The impact of the test exacerbated the problem of teacher shortages and the lack of diversity employment in the Illinois teacher market. This report provides the first empirical evidence about the effect of edTPA on teacher employment and sheds light on racial disparity in the teaching profession in Illinois.
Nurse practitioners (NP) are well-trained health care personnel for primary, acute, and specialty care in the US. However, 32 states have restrictions on their scope of practice and Illinois is one of them. In response to the shortage of health care workers during the coronavirus pandemic, twenty-one states granted NP full practice authority to cope with the increasing demand for health care services. In the Midwest, Kansas, Indiana, Michigan, Missouri, and Wisconsin adopted a more expansive scope of service for NP. This report evaluates the effect of this policy change on the rate of COVID-related deaths in the Midwest states, which expanded NP authority and sheds light on healthcare policy in Illinois.
The COVID-19 pandemic has hit the U.S. economy in an unprecedented way. About 20.5 million people have lost their jobs. In April the unemployment rate had already skyrocketed to 14.7%. In this report, we chronicle the employment conditions, health insurance coverage, and wages of Illinois’ vulnerable undocumented immigrant workers. We then propose adopting a form of universal health insurance coverage and temporary financial supports to ameliorate the economic hardships of undocumented immigrants and their families. The recommendations are also meant to keep all Illinois residents safe from the pandemic.
Watch “Police unions prove to be powerful opponents to ‘defund the police’ movement” here: