The Biden Administration’s American Rescue Plan Act (ARP), passed in early 2021, is designed to respond to the immediate economic needs of the millions of Americans who have been impacted by the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic. This report considers one aspect of the ARP: the expansion of the Child Tax Credit (CTC), which provides a temporary income boost to parents with dependent age children (under 18 years old). The expanded CTC is also the first time the federal government has opted to deliver a portion of the tax credit via monthly payments instead of delivering it all in a lump sum annually.
While it will take time to fully understand the impact of the CTC expansion, the goal of this report is to pro-vide empirical evidence from a demonstration pilot in Chicago on a companion policy, the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), as we may expect to see comparable results given the similarities of the policies. The Chi-cago EITC Periodic Payment Pilot (CEPPP) was a large-scale demonstration project that provided low and moderate-income parents up to half of their EITC via four periodic payments during the 2014 tax year. Like the advance CTC, the CEPPP began with the premise that families need tax relief and economic support throughout the year. We also had questions about the administrative feasibility of delivering recurring payments of a tax credit, particularly when the payments are paid in advance of when taxpayers determine their eligibility for the credit. Therefore, this report addresses individual-level impact of CEPPP recipients compared to a control group who received a lump sum and the administrative feasibility of periodic pay-ments. Thus, it provides a window onto the likely impact of the advance CTC.
According to Gallup, labor unions currently enjoy the support of nearly two-thirds of Americans, their highest level of approval in nearly two decades. Despite their success in boosting wages and offering pathways into middle-class jobs, however, union membership has declined across America, driven by the spread of so-called “right-to-work” laws.
Click the link below to view the extensive media coverage provided regarding the latest PMCR report, “Women and Child Care in Illinois: A Survey of Working Mothers During the COVID-19 Pandemic”.
The Illinois State Board of Education (ISBE) mandated the educative Teacher Performance Assessment (edTPA), a performance-based assessment to evaluate teaching readiness, as a licensure requirement since July 2015. In the previous reports, we find that edTPA had negative impacts on new teachers and their students in Illinois. This report seeks to generalize the findings to four other early edTPA states – Georgia, New York, Washington, and Wisconsin. Washington and New York are the earliest states integrating edTPA into their licensure systems in 2014, whereas Georgia and Wisconsin adopted edTPA in 2015 and 2016.
The labor movement has historically provided U.S. workers with reliable pathways into good, middle-class jobs. Union membership, however, has gradually declined across America. A primary driver of this decline has been the spread of so-called “right-to-work” laws, which allow workers to receive all the services and benefits of collective bargaining– such as higher wages, better health care, and legal representation– without paying anything for them. By restricting the ability to collectively bargain, “right-to-work” laws weaken unions.
The City of Chicago has experienced a significant increase in app-based transportation network provider (TNP) services, also called “ride-sharing” services. Drivers working for Uber, Lyft, and Via—the three TNP companies licensed with the city—are currently classified as self-employed “independent contractors,” an arrangement that prohibits them from accessing basic labor protections, such as minimum wage laws. Although drivers for transportation network providers struggle to earn the minimum wage in Chicago, there are options that elected officials could consider to promote fairness and boost worker earnings.