Foreign Influence on Research Integrity
Inappropriate foreign influence on university research is a legitimate, non-partisan, and growing concern. Federal funding agencies have issued new requirements and guidance, federal law enforcement agencies have increased prosecutorial activity, and Congress has signed new legislation and sought information on how the academic research community is responding to this evolving issue.
The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign’s goal is safeguarding research from threatening foreign government influence as well as ensuring that our research environment is welcoming to all individuals and empowering them to work in a safe and inclusive manner with the highest ethical standards.
The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy
- Enhancing the Security and Integrity of America’s Research Enterprise Presentation
- Critical and Emerging Technologies List
Joint Committee on the Research Environment
- Recommended Practices for Strengthening the Security and Integrity of America’s Science and Technology Research Enterprise
Managing Foreign Influence
Foreign Influence can take many forms and occur at any step of research. The first step in combatting foreign influence is to verify that the university is not conducting transactions with those parties that have been flagged as parties of concern. All transactions involving non-U.S. entities (persons, companies, institutions, universities, government agencies) should be screened against government lists to ensure that the university is complying with regulations.
All appropriate university personnel should disclose outside affiliations before entering into any contract or agreement. Conflicts of interest or time may need management plans and membership to a Foreign Government Recruiting Program may need disclosure to the sponsor of research projects.
Review the university’s Management of Foreign Influence Matrix below which shows areas of concern and options we may have of mitigating risk.
The University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign enrolls just over 50,000 students and employs approximately 1,900 tenure-track faculty. Annually, we have around $675M in annual research expenditures. Nearly 20 percent of our students are from outside the United States, and we are perpetually among the top public universities in the nation in international enrollment. We have representation from more than 100 nations on our campus, including more than 5,000 students from China. Our faculty is international in origin, and we have significant alumni representation on the faculties of major universities in India, Taiwan, and mainland China.
We are proud of our reputation as a top-tier, public, globally engaged research university. Our faculty are among the best in the world at establishing new educational and scholarly partnerships. At Illinois, we believe being a 21st-century land-grant university means we must be an international university.
Today’s society is global and interconnected. Information and knowledge have become forces of change and prosperity, and they are not hindered by geographic borders or lines on maps. But they are also the source of competitive advantage.
For all of us in higher education, this accelerated flow of knowledge and communication has vastly increased our capacity. It has made it easier and faster to build networks that can bring together a whole new world of ideas and expertise to solve global challenges. However, we must balance our commitment to open exchange with our responsibilities to comply with regulations that bolster security and mitigate risk.
The National Landscape
Foreign Influence Legislation
- National Defense Authorization Act 2020
National Defense Authorization Act 2019: Federal regulations resulting from the National Defense Authorization Act (NDAA) 2019, Section 889 have enacted prohibitions from purchasing or using telecommunications equipment and services from Huawei Technologies Co or ZTE Corp and their subsidiaries or affiliates and video surveillance products or telecommunications equipment from Hytera Communications, Hangzhou HikvisionDigital Technology Co, or Dahua Technology Co and their subsidiaries or affiliates. A comprehensive list of these companies and their subsidiaries or affiliates is located here.
- Presidential Memorandum 33 (NSPM-33)
The purpose of NSPM-33 is to strengthen protections of U.S. Government-supported R&D against foreign government interference and misappropriation while maintaining an open environment to foster research discoveries and innovation that benefit the United States and the world.
Federal Funding Agency Guidance
- DARPA Countering Foreign Influence Program Policy
- DARPA Countering Foreign Influence Program Rubric
- DOD Controlled Unclassified Information Guidance
- DOE Directive on Foreign Government Talent Recruitment Programs
- DOE Directive on Unclassified Foreign National Access Program
- DOE Request for Unclassified Foreign National Access
- NIH Guidance on Investigator Disclosures of Foreign Financial Interest
- NSF Report on Fundamental Research Security