Quitting Quill: State Laws Challenge Quill’s Physical Presence Standard for Out-of-State Tax Collection

Source: MSNBC

By Timothy Yuhasz

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Over the last fifty years, one of the bedrock principles of state and local tax jurisprudence has been the physical presence standard. The rise of E-commerce and a shifting economy, however, have for years called into question its validity. States, too, have taken notice, and new state laws are being crafted that either bypass this requirement or challenge it head-on. It may not be long before the physical presence standard becomes a thing of the past.… Read the rest

When to Disclose Data Breaches under Federal Securities Laws

Source: CNBC

By Steven Wittenberg

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Hacking and cybercrime are on the rise.[1] From 2013 to 2015, twenty major data breaches were reported at Fortune 100 companies.[2] Publicly traded companies who have securities disclosure obligations should be aware of their duties under the federal securities laws when it comes to data breaches and hacks.[3]

In 2011, the SEC Division of Corporation Finance issued guidelines for cyber incidents.[4] The SEC stated, “[A] number of disclosure requirements may impose an obligation on registrants to disclose such [cyber] risks and incidents,” although there are no explicit requirements referring to data breaches.

While major data breaches may be material to reasonable investors of public companies, there is no duty to promptly disclose the occurrence of cyber incidents unless there have been selective disclosures, previous misstatements or circumstances making the omission of the hack misleading.[5] The federal … Read the rest