Political Science 224: Politics of the National Parks: The Greater Yellowstone Area
Summer Session (June 21-29, 2014)
“I couldn’t have hoped for a better experience. It was a great cap to my U of I career.”
– student participant
Most people think of national parks as a place you drive through on a family vacation. But the large parks are also important environmental resources, providing refuges for wildlife species in more-or-less intact ecosystems. They are also carbon sinks that play a role in reducing atmospheric carbon and resulting climate change. And, of course, they are popular tourist destinations.
The Greater Yellowstone Area straddles Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho. It consists of three national parks, six national forests, three national wildlife refuges, the national fish hatchery, the Wind River Indian Reservation, and other state and local preserved areas. It is the largest intact temperate-zone ecosystem in the world. It faces challenges from extractive resource development, tourism, and climate change.
This course uses a week-long trip to the Greater Yellowstone Area to explore political questions associated with natural resources and the environment. The course is open to anyone interested in receiving college credit for this kind of experience. It is possible for non-degree students and students from other universities to enroll; please inquire with Professor Pahre.
It counts as Gen Ed credit (Social and Behavioral Sciences: Social Science) for Illinois students.
We will also do our best to work with K-12 teachers seeking credits for continuing education.
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What do we do?
Act as tourists. We will experience the tourist infrastructure of the Yellowstone Area and think critically about the costs and benefits of hotels, campgrounds, visitor centers, restaurants gas stations, campgrounds, parking lots, grocery stores, gift shops, and everything else that the parks have built to serve tourists. We’ll discuss alternatives to the status quo from a range of perspectives, imagining more or less development, a greater or lesser role for private enterprise, and the possibilities for different kinds of recreation in the national parks. We’ll also talk about the tourist experience in the gateway communities outside the national parks, such as Jackson (WY), Gardiner (MT) and West Yellowstone (MT).
Engage “wilderness.” We will spend a fair amount of our time hiking, both on highly-developed front-country trails and in the backcountry. We’ll talk about wilderness values and how people do or do not experience places as “wilderness.” We’ll think about whether wilderness is important to us or to other people, and how demographic changes affect Americans’ views of wilderness. We’ll discuss how the national forests and national parks think about wilderness and how they manage areas designated, zoned, or proposed as wilderness under the Wilderness Act of 1964.
Discuss wildlife management. Generally speaking, we discuss the politics of each wildlife species whenever we see it, so wildlife viewing plays an important role in the course. Yellowstone’s wildlife is world-famous and attracts a lot of political attention. We’ll discuss the politics of wolves, grizzly bears, bison, deer and elk, pronghorn antelope, white pelicans, coyotes, and several species of trout. We’ll also discuss management challenges concerning less politicized species such as bighorn sheep, moose, mountain goats, pikas and trumpeter swans. We’ll also talk about how the management of politicized species affects other species such as beaver or songbirds.
Experience Yellowstone’s stories. The National Park Service gives a lot of attention to “interpretation,” telling the human and natural stories of the Yellowstone region. We’ll see the stories it tells, think about how it tells them, and ask whether it leaves out important stories that should be told. We’ll compare the Park Service stories to those stories in other museums and visitor centers in the region, both public and private.
Learn about other management issues. We’ll learn about wildfire policy in both national forests and national parks, the challenges posed by non-native species, how climate change affects the Greater Yellowstone region. We’ll think about how development outside the parks affects the parks. We’ll discuss the role of private businesses in the Greater Yellowstone, both inside and outside the park.
If you’re curious what kinds of political issues occur around a national park, here is an article by Pahre that discusses a big debate twenty years ago.
“The scenic views were unparalleled to anything I have previously experienced. This, in combination with a great learning atmosphere and informed presentations about current controversies made this course phenomenal. I strongly recommend this class to everyone.”
— student participant
Target audiences: college students and K-12 teachers. This is an introductory course without prerequisites. It’s taught at a level appropriate for students at a major public research university. Please email me at firstname.lastname@example.org if you would like to discuss whether this level is appropriate for you.
If you’re a student at the University of Illinois, the course material will be most relevant for students are majoring in (1) Political Science; (2) Earth, Society, and the Environment; (3) Journalism; (4) Recreation, Sport and Tourism; and (5) Natural Resources and Environmental Studies. However, anyone is welcome. We have had students in Industrial Design, English, Painting, Psychology and other majors participate. We can modify some assignments around your interests.
Students in the Division of General Studies will appreciate earning Gen Ed credit while using a multidisciplinary approach to studying human relationships with the environment.
We have had some incoming freshmen at Illinois take this course in the past. This requires some additional paperwork, so please contact me as soon as possible to get that started.
Teachers will find material useful for courses in environmental education, history, and social sciences. We will use NPS lesson plans as appropriate for the mix of people who enroll in the course.
International students will find this experience a great introduction to the American West and its distinctive regional culture. We have found that international perspectives on the natural world differ considerably from American views, and make for great discussions.
Desired outcomes: Students will develop a greater understanding of the environmental values served by public and private lands in the Greater Yellowstone Area. Participants will learn to see the landscape critically, identifying challenges to management and failures of management.
As a result, students will learn to think critically about how agencies and landowners manage their lands, and how the political setting shapes what they do. Focus on this particular region will deepen students’ understanding of the political environment and the challenges faced when managing any environmental problem.
Nuts and bolts. Students will receive three credit hours for this course at the 200 level. If you require credit at the 400 level or 500 level, please contact me at email@example.com as soon as possible to make arrangements.
PS 225 (Environmental Politics) provides helpful background. It is offered as a traditional lecture course each fall semester. We usually offer an online version in the second eight weeks of each Spring semester, and another online version in Summer Session I or II. PS 224 and PS 225 complement each other well but PS 225 is not required.
While anyone can apply, PS 224 will give priority to Illinois students and alumni, and to students at CIC (Big 10) and Illinois schools. International students at Illinois will need a visa extension, which has not posed problems in the past. Contact Professor Pahre with questions.
In addition to summer tuition (see here), participants must pay (1) transportation (see below); and (2) a program fee (probably $300-$400). That program fee includes local transportation, lodging, and most meals. It assumes tent camping to save costs.
Air fare has varied considerably ($350-$750). We arrange a group flight from Chicago O’Hare if there is sufficient demand. We offer low-cost transportation if you want to “hitchhike” on the van from Champaign; we can pick people up along the way along I-74 in Illinois (including the Amtrak station in the Quad Cities) and I-80 in Iowa and Nebraska. Hitchhikers will pay about $50 round trip for campground fees and supplies.
If you are interested in earning more academic credit this summer, contact Professor Pahre about doing an independent study course associated with this field experience. We can also design a project appropriate for ESE capstone projects and Political Science honors theses.
Financial Aid is available if you take six credit hours in Summer Session II. Some people have taken both PS 224 and an independent study course with Pahre to reach six credits and receive financial aid.
People always ask about what wildlife we’ll see, so I’ve compiled information about past years and my best guesses for the future.
Health and fitness. We can accommodate some physical limitations, and we have adjusted itineraries each year as we learn about the group’s interests and fitness.For example, we have sometimes divided into two groups, and then come together to discuss our different experiences. The bulk of the group is typically comfortable walking 3-5 miles at a time (2-3 hours). Most campsites are at elevations of 5000-7000 feet, which increases exertion levels a bit. Contact Pahre if you have any questions about physical limitations.
Applications to participate are available from Pahre at firstname.lastname@example.org or at https://uofi.app.box.com/YELL-application. We will have a priority deadline of 31 March 2014, with a guaranteed spot secured by a deposit of $100. That deposit is fully refundable until about 15 May 2013. Depending on space and other logistical issues, there will probably also be a non-priority deadline in April. In that later period, we will admit students on a first-come, space available basis.
About the Instructor
This will be the fifth time Professor Robert Pahre has led a class to the Greater Yellowstone Area. He has also taken students to Mammoth Cave National Park three times, once to Great Smoky Mountains National Park, twice to Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, and has taught month-long summer courses in Austria for summer courses on three occasions. As you can tell, he is a believer in experiential learning programs. These experiential courses have been recognized with departmental, college, and campus teaching awards.
Pahre is an avid hiker and backpacker, and he is trying to be a better photographer. Check out his national parks photos on Flickr if you like. He has been to Yellowstone about a dozen times.
Professor Pahre’s current research and teaching concerns environmental politics, especially the politics of wildlife and wilderness. He is interested in the management of public lands, transboundary cooperation on environmental problems, and how the National Park Service tells the stories of American history.
You can read about the 2009 course in LAS News and a related article here, in the Political Science Alumni Newsletter, and the Daily Illini (by Kelsey Caetano-Anolles). You can read about the 2010 course in an article by Ruth Johnson in the Political Science Alumni Newsletter. You can also read my reaction to Ken Burns’ film on the national parks here.
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Applications are here.