Myung-Ja Han explores metadata creation for digitized books in the Journal of Library Metadata:
Libraries have been trying to find a faster and better way to provide access to resources they hold or resources available elsewhere. The abundance of digitized books produced by mass digitization projects requires libraries to assess the effectiveness of current workflows and to explore new ways to process and present them. In order to provide access to these resources in a timely matter, libraries must develop a new workflow that can process the records en masse. This article discusses the new workflow that the University of Illinois Library uses to create separate bibliographic metadata records for digitized books. The workflow implements the eXtensible Markup Language and Open Archives Initiative-Protocol for Metadata Harvesting to create cataloging records for digitized books, which makes it possible to provide access to these resources via the Online Public Access Catalog, and to share the resources with other libraries.
Han, Myung-Ja. 2011. “Creating Metadata for Digitized Books: Implementing XML and OAI-PMH in Cataloging Workflow.” Journal of Library Metadata 11 (1): 19-32. Available online.