Reconsidering the role of temporal order in spoken word recognition

Toscano, J. C., Anderson, N. D., & McMurray, B. (2013). Psychonomic Bulletin and Review.

Abstract: Models of spoken word recognition assume that words are represented as sequences of phonemes. We evaluated this assumption by examining phonemic anadromes, words that share the same phonemes but differ in their order (e.g., sub and bus). Using the visual world paradigm, we found that listeners show more fixations to anadromes (e.g., sub when bus is the target) than to unrelated words (well) and to words that share the same vowel but not the same set of phonemes (sun). This contrasts with predictions of existing models and suggests that words are not defined as a strict sequence of phonemes.

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