Several nations are already taking advantage of this opportunity. Brazil’s Food Acquisition Programme (Programa de Aquisição de Alimentos, PAA) is one example of how government procurement can benefit local farmers and provide food to those in need. The program’s goal is to provide food to members of the population who are facing “food and nutritional insecurity.” Between 2003 and 2008, Brazil spent $1 billion on locally-grown food for the program, and the food was donated to 16.8 million people. This program, while not without challenges, provides local farmers with a sales venue for their crops, spurs production and consumption of local foods, and provides nutritious foods for those who might otherwise go without.
Another example of a successful local food procurement program is Rome, Italy’s school meal program. Introduced in 2001, the ALL FOR QUALITY principles provide a guideline for food procurement that focuses on “best value” of the food companies contracted, rather than lowest price as is usual for U.S. public food contracts. The Rome school system, unlike U.S. schools which generally contract to one large food company, contracts with several smaller local food companies, maintaining a competitive bidding system that ensures higher quality. The contracts given to local food producers are based on a 100-point system. 51 points are allotted for price of food, whereas the other 49 are for infrastructural considerations that support food quality. The quality of the food is based on place of origin, organic products, and fair trade. This system not only supports local food companies, but has raised the quality of school food in Rome considerably by creating a competitive market for local food based on important aspects of food quality. While Italy seems to be leading the way in locally-sourced school food programs, Scotland, Japan, the United States, France, and Canada all have deployed recent programs which utilize local producers and attempt to increase nutritional value in school food.
Local food procurement empowers local food producers, benefits programs that feed the hungry, and increases the nutritional quality of food served in public institutions. But that’s not all. Governments can use their food procurement powers to buy only from local suppliers who use sustainable food production methods. Sustainable production methods are those that use low-carbon or low-external-input modes of production. Also, buying seasonally and locally reduces the “ecological footprint” of food being produced. So, local public food procurement can have a really positive impact on the environment in addition to its multitude of societal benefits.
Check out the sources below for more information on public food procurement!
News and Opinions
Third World Network – Public Procurement and the Right to Food
UK National Audit Office – Smarter food procurement in the public sector
The Washington Post – Guess how many memos USDA sent to schools about healthy school lunches?
Scholarly Articles (Available through UIUC E-Journals)
Davies, I., & Riley, J. (2005). Drive to give farmers a slice of public sector food budget. Farmers Weekly, 142(10), 12.
He, C., Perez-Cueto, F., Mikkelsen, B. (2014). Do attitudes, intentions and actions of school food coordinators regarding public organic food procurement policy improve the eating environment at school? Results from the iPOPY study. Public Health Nutrition, 17(6), 1299-1307.
Morgan, Kevin. (2008). Greening the Realm: Sustainable Food Chains and the Public Plate, Regional Studies, 42(9), p. 1246.
Sonnino, R. (2009). Quality food, public procurement, and sustainable development: the school meal revolution in Rome. Environment & Planning A, 41(2), 425-440.
Books at UIUC Libraries
Biénabe, Estelle, Peppelenbos, Lucian Peter Christoph. (Eds.) (2011). Reconnecting markets: innovative global practices in connecting small-scale producers with dynamic food markets. Farnham : Gower.
Marsden, Terry. (Eds.) (2014). Sustainable food systems: building a new paradigm. London, New York : Routledge.
McCullough, Ellen B., Pingali, Prabhu L., Stamoulis, Kostas G. (Eds.) (2008). The transformation of agri-food systems :globalization, supply chains and smallholder farmers. Rome : Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
Morgan, Kevin, Sonnino, Roberta. (2008). The school food revolution: public food and the challenge of sustainable development. London : Earthscan.