What are the different types of credit cards?

Nowadays, financial institutions offer all kinds of credit cards that have different features. It is important to understand each type of credit card to determine the type of credit card that best suits your needs. There are five major categories of credit cards: balance transfer, low-interest, rewards, secured, and specialty.

A balance transfer credit card allows you to transfer a high-interest credit card debt to a new credit card with a lower interest rate. Depending on the bank or company, the interest rate can reach as low as 0% and can typically last up to a year. If you’re often carrying a large credit card balance, this might be a good option. However, if the new credit card has a balance transfer fee and annual fee, balance transfers can get expensive.

A low-interest credit card provides either a low, fixed annual percentage rate (APR) or a low introductory APR that jumps to a higher rate at a later date. The low-interest credit card is beneficial for making a large purchase that requires several months to pay off or for people who carry long-term credit card debt.

A rewards credit card incentivizes consumers to make purchases to earn rewards. Rewards can include cash back, reward points, rebates, and airline mileage. By using the rewards credit card, you can use the cash back to reduce the credit card balance, redeem reward points to earn a free stay at a hotel, or use the airline mileage to obtain a lower priced or free airline ticket.

A secured credit card is for individuals with no credit or bad credit, who want to start establishing a good credit history. Applying for a secured credit card requires collateral upfront and the value of the collateral is usually equal to or greater than the credit limit. A secured credit card enables you to build or rebuild your credit history and eventually move on to use a traditional credit card.

A specialty credit card is tailored to meet the unique demands of a specific group of consumers, such as business professionals and college students. Business and student credit cards have the same features as traditional credit cards as well as additional benefits exclusively designed for these users. For instance, the student credit card does not require a credit history for college students to apply because most college students generally don’t have a credit history.

For more detailed information, you can visit Credit.com or Bankrate.com to browse and compare various types of credit cards.

Written by: Cuihua Lin, Financial Wellness Peer Educator, University of Illinois Extension, 2018.

Reviewed by Kathy Sweedler, Consumer Economics Educator, University of Illinois Extension.

Why is building good credit important?

Building good credit is important especially if you want to finance any large purchases like your home, car, education, etc. Maintaining good credit will show creditors or lenders, whom you are borrowing money from, that you are responsible and have the ability to pay back the money that you borrow in a timely fashion. Creditors use your credit history to determine how much interest that you would have to pay on a loan. If you are considered to have good credit, you are more likely to get a lower interest rate because you are of less risk of not being able to pay back the money that you owe.

Some employers also check your credit score before hiring. An employer that is checking for credit scores during the hiring process might be looking for someone that is responsible and reliable. If you are not responsible and reliable with your money, how would you fare in a workplace where your coworkers and company will rely on you.

Maintaining good credit will show that you are financially responsible and on the right track. The economy runs on credit and if you need to borrow money, you must maintain a good credit history.

Written by: Tony Li, Financial Wellness Peer Educator, University of Illinois Extension, 2018.

Reviewed by Kathy Sweedler, Consumer Economics Educator, University of Illinois Extension.

What is the difference between a credit score and a credit report?

Many people use the term credit score and credit report interchangeably. Although mistaking them may seem harmless, credit scores and credit reports are very different. As stated in the name, your credit score is exactly that, a score. This score is a numerical value that is calculated and used by lenders to determine the risk associated with giving a borrower a loan.

The formula most often used to calculate a credit score takes into account a person’s payment history, amount owed, length of credit history, new credit and type of credit used. A person may receive a different credit score from each lender or reporting agency because the formula used to calculate the credit score will vary. The reason for the variance is because there are different types of credit score scoring models such as FICO, the most commonly used right now, and VantageScore, which both lenders and consumers are starting to use more often.

On the other hand, a credit report contains a person’s credit history. A credit report includes information such as a person’s social security number, current and previous addresses, and employment history. Besides this, a person can find a list of their lines of credit such as credit cards, student loans and mortgages, the date each one was opened, credit limits, and whether their accounts are past due or in good standing. Bankruptcies will also appear on someone’s credit report as well as the names of people that have recently asked to see the person’s credit report.

Knowing your credit score to know where you stand credit-wise, and to be prepared for any outcomes on your credit applications can be helpful. However, it is more important to remember to check your credit report to prevent identity theft and to make sure that all the information on the report is accurate. A person should also check their credit reports from all three credit bureaus to ensure that the information is the same. As stated earlier, a credit score and a credit report are not the same thing, but they are closely related, as the information on a credit report is used in the calculation of a credit score.

Written by Lesly Luna, Financial Wellness Peer Educator, University of Illinois Extension, 2017.

Reviewed by Kathy Sweedler, Consumer Economics Educator, University of Illinois Extension.

What is a good tool to help manage my debt?

According to a 2012 Sallie Mae report, “How America Pays”, 35% of students borrowed education loans to pay for college and, although credit card ownership has decreased recently, 35% of undergraduates have a credit card.

Credit is an important financial tool that students need to learn how to manage wisely. Learn more about how credit card debt can affect you now, as well as in the future by watching the recorded webinar, “Staying on Good Terms: Credit & Debt“.

Credit Management Tool: Use powerpay.org to help you manage your credit, pay down debt and plan your spending. This website was created by Utah State University Extension and WebAIM.org.

To learn even more about how to manage your finances while in college, including what to look for in a financial institution, you can watch another recorded webinar, Cash at College: Spending, Saving & Student Loans.

credit

Cash at College: Spending, Saving & Student Loans (Recorded Webinar)

Cash at College is a must-see webinar for all students headed to college. University of Illinois USFSCO’s Student Money Management Center and University of Illinois Extension have teamed up to offer this educational and engaging webinar for all University of Illinois students. This free webinar features lessons on:

  • how to effectively budget your money while in college
  • the basics of banking
  • options for paying your college tuition
  • understanding credit
  • and how to make the most of your college education

Cash at College offers an important guide to managing your finances, so don’t miss out! Watch it below or on YouTube now!

Test your knowledge. Take the quiz!

Spending badgeThis is a Spending Badge eligible program, so make sure to take the quiz after watching to get credit!

By participating in three Spending Badge eligible events, you could earn a digital badge to enhance your online professional portfolio. Learn more about the Financial Literacy Badges Program by visiting: badges.illinois.edu/usfsco/.