Spotlight on Library Resources: Spending

CliffsNotes Graduation Debt [electronic resource]: How to Manage Student Loans and Live Your Life by Reyna Gobel

CliffsNotes Graduation Debt: How to Manage Student Loans and Live Your Life is a guidebook for managing a significant debt load after college, yet the author takes a positive approach to personal finance, emphasizing frugality and spending money wisely in order to still live well while paying off debt. It is possible to take vacations and have extra spending money even while repaying loans! The book even ends with sections on Eating Out, Moving into a Nicer Place, and “Earning” a New Car.

The focus of this ebook is not exclusively spending. However, as it does take a positive approach to personal finance and gives serious attention to spending as a part of living your life, this book can be read at least in part as a manual on budgeting and spending wisely. Chapter 5, “Budgeting for Your Lifestyle and Your Loans,” and chapter 9, “Budgeting During Inflation,” contain practical advice about spending and budgeting, including such tips as keeping a financial diary and choosing budgetary cutbacks. The book even provides, in a sense, “financial self-help” throughout by, for example, reminding the reader not to dwell on past financial mistakes but instead problem-solve when mistakes or overspending are discovered.

The ebook is divided up into many small subsections making it easy to read. In typical CliffsNotes-style, the book is effectively a “cheat sheet” for personal finance, making the topic accessible to readers least inclined to seek out resources on personal finance otherwise. The rewards it promises, too, are enough to make this resource enticing to any new grad knee-deep in debt!

Note: this ebook can only be accessed on campus or off campus with your University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign net ID. If you do not have access to this ebook, please request a print copy through your local public library.

Written by Heidi Johnson, University of Illinois Library

How does the time value of money help young investors?

The time value of money concept is one of the most important factors individuals face when it comes to investing assets. Time value of money is the idea that money available today is worth more than the same amount of money available at a future date, because of interest earning potential.

Let’s say you are offered $100 today, or were given the opportunity to collect $100 one year from now. Would you take the money now, or later? Your best option would be to accept the $100 today, because of interest earning potential and opportunity cost.

Taking the payment today would allow you to invest your money in a savings vehicle like a savings account or money market account. Investing your money allows you to earn interest, meaning the bank is paying you a small percentage for using your deposited funds. Therefore, depositing your money in a savings account will allow your money to grow every year.

Going back to the example, the opportunity cost of choosing to defer a $100 payment today is the interest you could have earned through investing your money. Opportunity cost is a trade-off between what you chose and what you could have had. For instance, if you pay $10 for a movie ticket, your cost of attending the movie is not only the $10, but also the time and value of what you could have enjoyed doing instead of going to the movie. That being said, when choosing to spend or save your money, it is important to think about the opportunity cost of your decision, making sure that the benefits outweigh the costs.

The main idea of the time value of money is that as a young investor, you should start saving as soon as possible! The sooner you invest, the higher your interest earning potential, and thus, the more likely your money will grow over time.

Written by Jessica Wesser, Financial Wellness Peer Educator, University of Illinois Extension

What information should I consider before borrowing a student loan?

Student loans are a common and convenient source of funding used by more than half of the students at the University of Illinois to help pay for their education. Many students do need to borrow and consider this a wise investment in their future. Before borrowing a student loan, consider this important information:

  • Borrow only what you need and can reasonably repay.
  • Develop a realistic budget and consider ways to lower your costs.
  • Research the average pay of your chosen field to know if your projected earnings will be enough to repay your student loans.
  • Keep track of your loan debt (principal and any accrued interest) so you will know the amount you will have to repay.
  • Know that repaying your student loan on time can help establish and maintain an excellent credit history.
  • Be aware that student loans are in your name and affect your credit history, so you should know and understand the obligations.
  • Unlike other forms of consumer debt, student loans cannot be discharged through bankruptcy except under extraordinary circumstances.
  • If you fail to make a payment on your student loan for an extended period, your loans may be placed into default.
  • A default on a federal student loan will require payment of additional costs, including collection costs, attorney’s fees, court costs, and additional interest. These costs may substantially increase the amount owed on your student loan.
  • No statutes of limitation apply to the collection of federal student loan debt. This means that your student loan debt may be collected many years, or decades, into the future.
  • The IRS may seize your tax refunds to repay a defaulted federal student loan.
  • Your future wages may be garnished to repay a defaulted federal student loan.
  • Your Social Security benefits may be garnished to repay a defaulted federal student loan.
  • Any disability benefits you receive may be garnished to repay a defaulted federal student loan.
  • A default on a federal student loan may result in the denial or revocation of a professional license, such as a license to practice medicine or law.

Written by Josh Keen, Office of Student Financial Aid

GradSense

Looking for more financial information? Check out GradSense.org, an engaging and comprehensive resource developed as a collaboration between the Council of Graduate Schools and TIAA-CREF.

In addition to highlighting trends and developments in topics related to student finances, such as student debt and taxation issues, GradSense features a host of useful tools and infographics. Use these resources to understand what your degree may be worth, how long it may take to repay your student loan, or what salaries you can expect to earn from different careers.

gradsense

GradSense recently underwent a facelift, so you’ll easily find relevant articles and links highlighted on the homepage. You’ll also find resources from their university partners on the homepage, which includes the University of Illinois.

Take some time to explore GradSense and see what it has to offer!

Written by Laura Spradlin, Graduate College

Tax Breaks for Higher Education

Tax Break for Higher Education

Paying for college or any kind of post-secondary education can be expensive. Fortunately, our income tax system has credit, deductions, and other tax breaks for higher education. Check out this resource to see if you’re qualified for any of these tax breaks.